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The Open DoorHomelessness and Severe Mental Illness in the Era of Community Treatment$
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Carol L. M. Caton

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190463380

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190463380.001.0001

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Voluntarism and the Rise of Advocacy

Voluntarism and the Rise of Advocacy

Chapter:
(p.21) Chapter 2 Voluntarism and the Rise of Advocacy
Source:
The Open Door
Author(s):

Carol L. M. Caton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190463380.003.0002

Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, the public response to homelessness was local. In some communities, voluntarism surged, and charitable organizations provided food, clothing, and blankets to people living in public spaces. Church basements and unused public buildings were hastily transformed to house the throngs of people seeking shelter. With the numbers of street dwellers increasing, and no organized effort by governmental agencies to address the problem of homelessness, the concerns of ordinary citizens spurred the transformation from voluntarism to advocacy. This chapter describes the homeless advocacy that developed in 1980 in Washington, D.C., and New York City to shelter the street homeless, advocacy for federal legislation for homeless shelters and support services in the mid-1980s, and the development of national advocacy organizations, establishing advocacy as an abiding factor in the quest to end homelessness.

Keywords:   homeless advocacy, Community for Creative Non-Violence, CCNV, Callahan v. Carey, Coalition for the Homeless, McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, mentally disturbed street people, media and advocacy

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