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New Order and ProgressDevelopment and Democracy in Brazil$
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Ben Ross Schneider

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190462888

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190462888.001.0001

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The Reduction of Poverty and Inequality in Brazil

The Reduction of Poverty and Inequality in Brazil

Political Causes, Political Consequences

Chapter:
(p.212) 9 The Reduction of Poverty and Inequality in Brazil
Source:
New Order and Progress
Author(s):

Timothy J. Power

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190462888.003.0009

This chapter reviews macropolitical interpretations of both causes and consequences of Brazil's recent reduction of poverty and inequality, stressing the 2003-2013 period. The chapter reviews four theses about causes and four theses about consequences. On causes of pro-poor policies, the chapter addresses: (1): a general "inclusive institutions" argument; (2) a mobilizationist/participationist perspective; (3) a consensus politics argument, focusing on path dependency since the Plano Real; and (4) a neoinstitutionalist perspective, based on new understandings of coalitional governance. On the consequences of pro-poor policies, the chapter evaluates (1) new class and regional cleavages in presidential elections; (2) the realignment thesis proposed by André Singer; (3) contested propositions of lulismo, i.e., the idea that social transformation is associated with a single governmental experience; and (4) impacts on Brazilian political culture, including changes in mass value priorities (i.e., emerging quality of life agenda) and in mass behavior (e.g., the protest activity of 2013).

Keywords:   Brazil, democracy, poverty, inequality, Bolsa Família, Lula, Dilma, realignment, elections

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