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Outside InThe Transnational Circuitry of US History$
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Andrew Preston and Doug Rossinow

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190459840

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459840.001.0001

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The Dirty War Network

The Dirty War Network

Right-Wing Internationalism through Cold War America

Chapter:
(p.230) 10 The Dirty War Network
Source:
Outside In
Author(s):

Doug Rossinow

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459840.003.0011

Counterinsurgency (COIN) saw a revival in US national security policy during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, following the terrorist attacks of 9/11. Yet the ideas and behaviors associated with COIN have a long lineage. American and international struggles to repress insurgencies were shaped by Cold War anticommunism and late-imperial colonial warfare. In the 1950s and 1960s, US counterinsurgency efforts like those in South Vietnam transferred British and French tactical doctrines developed in imperial wars in Algeria and Malaya. Thinkers like David Galula and Sir Robert Thompson developed COIN doctrines later extolled by David Kilcullen and others. From the 1960s through the 1980s, far-right regimes in the Western Pacific and Latin America, from Taiwan to El Salvador, established transnational nodes and networks for training military officers and spreading COIN doctrines. Counterterror became a justification for dirty war—extremely violent repression by state forces. US rightists, not typically part of the US government but with sympathizers in it, cooperated in this right-wing internationalism.

Keywords:   Counterinsurgency, dirty war, anticommunism, terror, imperialism, David Kilcullen, Sir Robert Thompson, David Galula, Malaya, El Salvador

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