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Child Welfare Removals by the StateA Cross-Country Analysis of Decision-Making Systems$
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Kenneth Burns, Tarja Pvsv, and Marit Skivenes

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190459567

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459567.001.0001

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How children are removed from home in the United States

How children are removed from home in the United States

(p.197) 9 How children are removed from home in the United States
Child Welfare Removals by the State

Katrin Križ

Janese Free

Grant Kuehl

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses how children at risk of maltreatment are removed from home in the United States. We discuss the legislative framework and the processes and agents involved in the decision-making process around removal, including child protection agencies and courts. The chapter presents evidence on several major blind spots in the system, including bias and delays in decision-making. Thus, it reveals the need for further research on how these blind spots impact children and their families, as well as on the impact of programs that aim at improving them. Further, this chapter also underscores the need for systemic change to ensure that bias can be eliminated and children and parents, especially those with the least amount of resources, also can be engaged and empowered users of the system.

Keywords:   Child removal, child protection agencies, courts, decision-making, delays, disempowerment, foster care, law, over-representation of children of color in foster care, Massachusetts

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