Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Alawis of SyriaWar, Faith and Politics in the Levant$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Michael Kerr and Craig Larkin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190458119

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 26 May 2019

Chasing Ghosts

Chasing Ghosts

The Shabiha Phenomenon

(p.207) 10 Chasing Ghosts
The Alawis of Syria

Aron Lund

Oxford University Press

This chapter seeks to deconstruct the imprecise Shabiha discourses and shed light on the phenomenon of pro-government militias in Syria. It is crucial to begin with an examination of the etymology and origins of the term Shabiha. The chapter will then explore the process by which such forces have evolved from irregular, local networks into large paramilitary organisations. In conclusion, it argues that while embracing civilian militias and non-Syrian Shi’a fighters may have helped reinforce Asad's authority, the state's increased reliance on local grassroots militias and foreign fighters may present a long-term challenge to the regime's cohesion and political sovereignty.

Keywords:   Shabiha, Militias, Alawi gangs, Civilian fighters, Islamists, PYD, Popular Committees, National Defence Forces (NDF), Shi’a militias

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .