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Exploring Robotic MindsActions, Symbols, and Consciousness as Self-Organizing Dynamic Phenomena$
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Jun Tani

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190281069

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190281069.001.0001

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Cognitivism

Cognitivism

Chapter:
(p.9) 2 Cognitivism
Source:
Exploring Robotic Minds
Author(s):

Jun Tani

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190281069.003.0002

Chapter 2 emphasizes “compositionality,” considered to be a uniquely human competency whereby knowledge of the world is represented by utilizing symbols. Some representative cognitive models are introduced that address the issues of problem solving in problem spaces and the abstraction of information by using “chunking” and hierarchy. The General Problem Solver that was developed by Allen Newell and Herbert A. Simon is a typical cognitive model. This chapter suggests, however, the potential difficulty in utilizing symbols internal to the mechanics of minds, especially in an attempt to ground symbols in real-time online sensory–motor reality and context.

Keywords:   compositionality, cognition, symbol grounding, symbols, artificial intelligence

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