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Patron Saint and ProphetJan Hus in the Bohemian and German Reformations$
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Phillip N. Haberkern

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190280734

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280734.001.0001

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The Founder

The Founder

(p.68) 2 The Founder
Patron Saint and Prophet

Phillip N. Haberkern

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the evolution of the figure of Hus within the era of the Hussite wars and his co-optation by the more moderate Utraquist church that emerged from the Bohemians’ negotiations with the Council of Basel over a series of treaties called the Compactata in the 1430s. In the context of both holy war and negotiation with the Roman church, Czech authors invoked Hus as a precedent for their chosen courses of action; as such, this chapter tracks the politicization of Hus and his death as a rallying cry for battle, a template for intellectual debate, and a symbol of incipient Czech nationalism. Through a close reading of treatises, manifestos, satirical tracts, and chronicles , it is possible to see how Hus could serve as both a casus belli in five crusades and the founder of a national church that sought rapprochement with Rome.

Keywords:   Hussite Wars, Compactata, Utraquist church, King Sigismund of Hungary, nationalism, holy war

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