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Patron Saint and ProphetJan Hus in the Bohemian and German Reformations$
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Phillip N. Haberkern

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190280734

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280734.001.0001

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The Founder

The Founder

Chapter:
(p.68) 2 The Founder
Source:
Patron Saint and Prophet
Author(s):

Phillip N. Haberkern

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280734.003.0003

This chapter traces the evolution of the figure of Hus within the era of the Hussite wars and his co-optation by the more moderate Utraquist church that emerged from the Bohemians’ negotiations with the Council of Basel over a series of treaties called the Compactata in the 1430s. In the context of both holy war and negotiation with the Roman church, Czech authors invoked Hus as a precedent for their chosen courses of action; as such, this chapter tracks the politicization of Hus and his death as a rallying cry for battle, a template for intellectual debate, and a symbol of incipient Czech nationalism. Through a close reading of treatises, manifestos, satirical tracts, and chronicles , it is possible to see how Hus could serve as both a casus belli in five crusades and the founder of a national church that sought rapprochement with Rome.

Keywords:   Hussite Wars, Compactata, Utraquist church, King Sigismund of Hungary, nationalism, holy war

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