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The Purse and the SwordThe Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution$
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Daniel Friedmann

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190278502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.001.0001

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The Second Rabin Government and the Oslo Agreements

The Second Rabin Government and the Oslo Agreements

(p.99) 12 The Second Rabin Government and the Oslo Agreements
The Purse and the Sword

Daniel Friedmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter details the complications surrounding the second Yitzhak Rabin government. Though the Rabin government increased funding for education, expanded development projects in the Arab community, and even revamped the Israeli health system with a National Health Insurance Law, it was beset with a number of issues that weakened its position in the public eye. Foremost of these were the terrorist activities of Hamas, an Islamist Palestinian faction. Furthermore, Rabin’s second term as prime minister also produced the Oslo Accords, which in turn led to the signing of a peace treaty between Israel and Jordan. Matters were further complicated for Rabin’s government as a result of the Supreme Court’s decision that forced Interior Minister Aryeh Deri, the leader of Shas, to leave the government. The Supreme Court also ordered the dismissal of Shas deputy minister Raphael Pinchasi . As a result Shas left Rabin’s coalition, a move that greatly weakened the government. The Oslo agreement marked a sea change in Israeli policy, as Rabin’s government commenced negotiations with the Palestine Liberation Organization and signed an agreement that set Israel on the road to accepting the creation of such a state.

Keywords:   second Rabin government, Hamas, Jordan, Oslo Agreements, Palestine Liberation Organization, PLO, Shas, Aryeh Deri, Raphael Pinchasi, Judicial activism

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