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Old Society, New BeliefReligious transformation of China and Rome, ca. 1st-6th Centuries$
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Mu-chou Poo, H. A. Drake, and Lisa Raphals

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190278359

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278359.001.0001

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Adaptation and Assimilation of Buddhism in China as reflected in Monastic Architecture

Adaptation and Assimilation of Buddhism in China as reflected in Monastic Architecture

Chapter:
(p.217) 13 Adaptation and Assimilation of Buddhism in China as reflected in Monastic Architecture
Source:
Old Society, New Belief
Author(s):

Yin Zhou

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278359.003.0014

This chapter takes Buddhist architecture as an example of the dynamic interchange between East and West and the compromise between the original Indian style and native Chinese architecture so as to help demonstrate the transformation process of Buddhism in China during the first through sixth centuries CE. This chapter tries to point out that early medieval Buddhist monasteries, particularly the official ones, were constructed following Indian and Central Asian designs. These foreign types of monasteries brought in a new kind of religious architecture to China, which was later fused into the preexisting architectural culture and evolved into the distinct layout of Buddhist temple adopting the traditional Chinese residential design. This is a concrete and material way to contribute to the understanding of the interaction between a new faith and an old society.

Keywords:   Chinese monastery, Indian architecture, Buddhist architecture, stupa, pagoda

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