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The Emergence of SinThe Cosmic Tyrant in Romans$
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Matthew Croasmun

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277987

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277987.001.0001

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Sin, Gender, and Empire

Sin, Gender, and Empire

(p.140) 5 Sin, Gender, and Empire
The Emergence of Sin

Matthew Croasmun

Oxford University Press

This chapter places Paul’s discourse of the “Body of Hamartia” within the context of various ancient discourses regarding the social body. These discourses are shown to be oriented around a central ideology of self-mastery that frames ancient Greco-Roman ideas about both gender and empire. It engages especially with the Roma cult in the Roman Republic and early Roman Empire as an instance of an ancient collective “person” emergent from a complex social system. (The case of “Legion” in Mark 5 is considered as well.) This comparison allows for a discussion of Hamartia in Paul in terms of ancient political and gender ideology.

Keywords:   Roma, gender, empire, Sin, Romans, Legion, obedience, ideology, self-mastery

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