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Trading with the EnemyThe Making of US Export Control Policy toward the People's Republic of China$
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Hugo Meijer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277697

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277697.001.0001

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Supercomputers, Telecommunications Equipment, and China’s Military Modernization

Supercomputers, Telecommunications Equipment, and China’s Military Modernization

(p.165) 5 Supercomputers, Telecommunications Equipment, and China’s Military Modernization
Trading with the Enemy

Hugo Meijer

Oxford University Press

The competition between the two contending coalitions, Control Hawks and the Run Faster coalition, resulted in diverging policy outcomes in the two technology areas of dual-use information and communications technology (ICT) and satellites. Chapter 5 demonstrates how, in the area of dual-use information and communications technology, that could be used for both civilian and military applications by the PRC, the Run Faster coalition was able to overcome the resistance and opposition of the Control Hawks and to significantly liberalize export controls during the first decade of the post-Cold War era. To do so, the making of US export controls toward China is examined respectively in the areas of high performance computers (or supercomputers) and telecommunications equipment (section). It will be shown that the same international, bilateral, and domestic factors coalesced in molding American export control policy toward China in these two strategically sensitive areas.

Keywords:   foreign technology acquisition, telecommunications equipment, eavesdropping, US export control policy, National Security Agency, IT industry, lobbying, 1990s

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