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Trading with the EnemyThe Making of US Export Control Policy toward the People's Republic of China$
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Hugo Meijer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277697

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277697.001.0001

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The China Rule and the China “Threat”

The China Rule and the China “Threat”

(p.293) 10 The China Rule and the China “Threat”
Trading with the Enemy

Hugo Meijer

Oxford University Press

Chapter 10 investigates the making of a key decision in the 2000s, the so-called “China Rule”, which established, on the one hand, more stringent controls on a limited number of sensitive technologies (the Military End-Use List), while establishing a system, the Validated End-User program, aimed at facilitating trade with trusted Chinese civilian end-users. The List tightened US export controls in line with the Control Hawks’ concerns over China’s military build-up. At the same time, the Rule was tailored and focused on an end-user/end-use approach, reflecting the Run Faster coalition’s belief that targeted export controls would not overly restrict the commercial high tech industrial base and would therefore allow the US to run faster than its potential competitors. The chapter therefore brings to light how the “China Rule” reflected a form of conciliatory arrangement between the two competing coalitions.

Keywords:   China’s Military Modernization, export control policy, Military End-Use, bureaucratic politics, US Congress, foreign technology acquisition, 2000s

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