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Trading with the EnemyThe Making of US Export Control Policy toward the People's Republic of China$
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Hugo Meijer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277697

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277697.001.0001

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Communications Satellites and the China Quagmire

Communications Satellites and the China Quagmire

(p.275) 9 Communications Satellites and the China Quagmire
Trading with the Enemy

Hugo Meijer

Oxford University Press

Despite the growing unease over the modernization of the People’s Liberation Army, as shown in chapter 8, the controls on dual-use ICT continued to be substantially liberalized in the 2000s, highlighting the continued predominance of the Run Faster coalition’s over the Control Hawks in this technology area. On the contrary, Chapter 9 show how communications satellites, despite several attempts at modifying the legislation, remained under highly stringent export controls, governed as defense articles under the authority of the State Department. In this case, the Run Faster coalition was unable to overcome the Control Hawks’ entrenched bureaucratic resistance and effective Congressional opposition to changes in satellite export control policy. Nevertheless, the growing concerns within the executive branch over the adverse consequences of existing satellite export controls on the American space industrial base and on US national security attest to the gradual but mounting influence of the Run Faster coalition’s key tenets in this technology area as well.

Keywords:   satellites, ballistic missiles, export control policy, People’s Liberation Army, US Congress, 2000s

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