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Rape Loot PillageThe Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict$
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Sara Meger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.001.0001

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The Political Economy of Sexual Violence in the DRC

The Political Economy of Sexual Violence in the DRC

(p.138) Chapter 7 The Political Economy of Sexual Violence in the DRC
Rape Loot Pillage

Sara Meger

Oxford University Press

The ongoing civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) provides a useful case for examining the political economy of sexual violence where this violence does not appear to be perpetrated out of individual motivations or along sociocultural ethnic divisions. The use of sexual violence in the DRC represents one of the few examples of “rape as a weapon of war.”, whereby the politico-economic determinants of the ongoing conflict in the eastern regions of the country are attributable to the forms and functions of sexual and gender-based violence perpetrated therein. This chapter examines the instrumental use of sexual and gender-based violence as a form of political violence—resulting in the emergence of new forms of political legitimacy, access to and rights to accessing wealth, as well as means of accumulating and distributing goods.

Keywords:   rape as a weapon of war, Democratic Republic of Congo, political economy, economic civil war, new wars, resource curse

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