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Rape Loot PillageThe Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict$
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Sara Meger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.001.0001

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Sexual Violence as an Element of Genocide

Sexual Violence as an Element of Genocide

Chapter:
(p.115) Chapter 6 Sexual Violence as an Element of Genocide
Source:
Rape Loot Pillage
Author(s):

Sara Meger

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.003.0007

This chapter surveys the conceptualization of rape and other forms of sexual violence as an element of genocide. Sexual violence is a common in the context of genocide for two reasons: first, ethnicallydivided conflicts frequently develop the environment for extreme forms of political violence; secondly, in these extreme contexts the formation of the legal status of rape as a tool of occurred, particularly through the international legal response to the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. After surveying the development of the concept of “sexual violence as a tool of genocide,” this chapter explores how this concept of wartime sexual violence has enabled the elevation of concern for gender-based political violence perpetrated in the context of armed conflict, before questioning the extent to which this concern has resulted in a selective securitization of wartime sexual violence and the construction of a hierarchy of atrocities that limits the international community to respond to all forms of wartime sexual violence.

Keywords:   genocide, Rwanda, Yugoslavia, Sierra Leone, international humanitarian law, international criminal tribunals

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