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Rape Loot PillageThe Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict$
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Sara Meger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.001.0001

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Sexual Violence as an Element of Genocide

Sexual Violence as an Element of Genocide

(p.115) Chapter 6 Sexual Violence as an Element of Genocide
Rape Loot Pillage

Sara Meger

Oxford University Press

This chapter surveys the conceptualization of rape and other forms of sexual violence as an element of genocide. Sexual violence is a common in the context of genocide for two reasons: first, ethnicallydivided conflicts frequently develop the environment for extreme forms of political violence; secondly, in these extreme contexts the formation of the legal status of rape as a tool of occurred, particularly through the international legal response to the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. After surveying the development of the concept of “sexual violence as a tool of genocide,” this chapter explores how this concept of wartime sexual violence has enabled the elevation of concern for gender-based political violence perpetrated in the context of armed conflict, before questioning the extent to which this concern has resulted in a selective securitization of wartime sexual violence and the construction of a hierarchy of atrocities that limits the international community to respond to all forms of wartime sexual violence.

Keywords:   genocide, Rwanda, Yugoslavia, Sierra Leone, international humanitarian law, international criminal tribunals

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