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Rape Loot PillageThe Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict$
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Sara Meger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.001.0001

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Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War

(p.93) Chapter 5 Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War
Rape Loot Pillage

Sara Meger

Oxford University Press

Sometimes rape is a weapon of war. This chapter looks at rape and other forms of sexual violence that form a tactic and strategy of war and examines how it relates to the politico-economic conditions of conflict and the motives of perpetrators. The chapter categorizes those forms of sexual violence perpetrated systematically, publicly, on a mass scale as a “weapon of war” when this violence can be linked to the strategic ends of an armed group. Within the politico-economic conditions of war, this type of sexual violence is most commonly seen in economically motivated civil conflicts. This chapter examines how the international political economy of contemporary civil wars has informed the strategic use of violence, using the case studies of Sierra Leone and Angola to explore the relationship between economically-motivated warfare and the perpetration of mass, systematic sexual violence toward material ends.

Keywords:   rape as a weapon of war, economic civil wars, new wars, Sierra Leone, Angola, resource curse

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