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Rape Loot PillageThe Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict$
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Sara Meger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.001.0001

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Sexual Violence as an Instrument of Terror/Torture

Sexual Violence as an Instrument of Terror/Torture

Chapter:
(p.72) Chapter 4 Sexual Violence as an Instrument of Terror/Torture
Source:
Rape Loot Pillage
Author(s):

Sara Meger

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.003.0005

One of the prominent patterns that emerged from disaggregating functions of sexual violence in conflict has been the use of sexual violence as an instrument of terror and torture. This pattern is overlooked in the dominant discourse on rape as a weapon of war as it does not typically happen in the field, nor is it highly visible or perpetrated en masse. In contemporary conflicts, sexual violence as an instrument of terror and torture is used predominantly by government armed forces and proxy militia forces against civilians in a campaign of national security. This type of violence is usually perpetrated in detention or other government-controlled facilities. This chapter uses data from Latin America, Sudan, Syria, and Sri Lanka to characterize the use of sexual violence by state regimes as part of a larger campaign of repression.

Keywords:   terror, torture, counterinsurgency, national security, Latin America, Sudan, Syria, Sri Lanka

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