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Rape Loot PillageThe Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict$
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Sara Meger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190277666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277666.001.0001

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The Securitization of Sexual Violence

The Securitization of Sexual Violence

(p.17) Chapter 1 The Securitization of Sexual Violence
Rape Loot Pillage

Sara Meger

Oxford University Press

Recent international relations scholarship has tended to treat sexual violence, especially rape, as an exceptional phenomenon in war and armed conflict, and the sole form of gender-based violence capable of threatening international peace and security. This chapter challenges the isolation of this particular form of gender violence in international security and argues that the securitization of sexual violence has led to its “fetishization” in international advocacy, policy, and scholarship, which has resulted in a problematic international framework for attempting to respond to and eradicate sexual violence in war. This chapter proposes, instead, the need for a critical political economy analysis of wartime sexual violence that exposes the root determinants of this violence and situates it within the broader context of the gendered causes of war and of violences perpetrated therein.

Keywords:   securitization, fetishization, international security, United Nations, international political economy

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