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Containing Balkan NationalismImperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914$
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Denis Vovchenko

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190276676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.001.0001

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Russians and Muslim Slavs

Russians and Muslim Slavs

Brothers or Infidels? (1856–1914)

Chapter:
(p.296) 7 Russians and Muslim Slavs
Source:
Containing Balkan Nationalism
Author(s):

Denis Vovchenko

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.003.0008

To be one with Mother Russia, it was not enough to speak a Slavic language as Bosnian and Bulgarian Muslims (Pomaks) did and still do. Starting from the First Serbian Uprising of 1804, the relationship between the Russians and Muslim Slavs went from religious hatred to unrequited ethnic love and dashed expectations of religious and political unity. Some Russian and Serbian Pan-Slav commentators such as Nil Popov and Sava Kosanovich discussed the prospect of communitarian autonomy to attract their Muslim cousins to the prospect of Christian rule. This kind of structure worked for Russian Muslims, but its appeal was probably lost in the plethora of publications where Muslim Slavs remained indistinguishable from the Turkish bashibazouks or were expected to convert to Orthodoxy in the near future. The Eastern Crisis of 1875–1878 and the 1903 Ilinden Uprising in Macedonia also showed the primacy of religious identification over ethnic Pan-Slav loyalties.

Keywords:   Bosniaks, Pomaks, First Serbian Uprising, Ilinden Uprising, Nil Popov, Sava (Kosanovich), Nikolai Ovsianyi, bashibazouks

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