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Containing Balkan NationalismImperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914$
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Denis Vovchenko

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190276676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.001.0001

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Coping with State-Sponsored Balkan Irredentism (1885–1914)

Coping with State-Sponsored Balkan Irredentism (1885–1914)

Chapter:
6 Coping with State-Sponsored Balkan Irredentism (1885–1914)
Source:
Containing Balkan Nationalism
Author(s):

Denis Vovchenko

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.003.0007

The Bulgarian annexation of Eastern Rumelia and victory over Serbia in 1886 sparked a violent cycle of regional competition over Ottoman Macedonia. At the same time, Bulgarian “ingratitude” disillusioned many Russian Pan-Slavs like Anton Budilovich and strengthened Pan-Orthodox trends. Russian prelates like Antonii (Khrapovitskii) became more prominent in the polemic. Russia won the backing of the other Great Powers to reduce their rivalry in the Balkans and to impose ill-conceived Muerzsteg reforms on Abdulhamid II. Ethnoreligious conflicts increased as Greece and Serbia armed their bands to combat IMRO and other Bulgarian groups. But the international commitment to peace was evaporating with the growing tension between the Entente and the Triple Alliance. The Young Turk Revolution introduced parliamentary politics and greatly accelerated centralization which unified traditionally divided non-Turkish minorities and fractious Balkan nation-states. After the Balkan Wars, the Patriarchate of Constantinople and devastated Bulgarian leaders were finally ready for Orthodox unity in 1914.

Keywords:   IMRO, Muerzsteg Reforms, Anton Budilovich, Antonii (Khrapovitskii), Abdulhamid II, Young Turks, Balkan Wars

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