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The Transatlantic KindergartenEducation and Women's Movements in Germany and the United States$
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Ann Taylor Allen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190274412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274412.001.0001

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The German-American Relationship and Its End, 1880s–1920s

The German-American Relationship and Its End, 1880s–1920s

(p.161) 7 The German-American Relationship and Its End, 1880s–1920s
The Transatlantic Kindergarten

Ann Taylor Allen

Oxford University Press

The first two generations of American kindergarten teachers and activists maintained a close relationship with their German colleagues. Like other Americans, they greatly admired German learning and many traveled to Germany to study and acquire prestigious credentials. By 1900, however, a younger generation broke away from these German roots. Although the progressive trends that transformed the kindergarten at this time were international and not exclusively American, Americans perceived their German colleagues as conservative and the German kindergarten as a failure. Travel accounts by Americans and Germans document this change. The German-American relationship was ruptured by the First World War, and the kindergarten itself almost fell victim to American chauvinism. Proposals to change the name “kindergarten” to some more suitably English word were defeated, however.

Keywords:   kindergarten, German-American relations, teachers, First World War, progressivism

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