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The Transatlantic KindergartenEducation and Women's Movements in Germany and the United States$
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Ann Taylor Allen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190274412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274412.001.0001

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“The Perfect Development of Womanliness”: The Making of a Kindergartner

“The Perfect Development of Womanliness”: The Making of a Kindergartner

(p.137) 6 “The Perfect Development of Womanliness”: The Making of a Kindergartner
The Transatlantic Kindergarten

Ann Taylor Allen

Oxford University Press

Kindergarten teaching was a highly trained occupation, and kindergarten training institutes were among the first secondary and tertiary educational institutions for women. In an era when few women taught above the elementary level, these schools provided their female faculty and staff with the opportunity to become authority figures. The all-female student bodies differed in age, marital status, religion, social class, and professional objectives. African American women, sometimes aided by their white colleagues, founded their own training institutes. During the nineteenth century, these institutes, which often provided dormitories, maintained an all-female environment where young women could live respectably and feel safe and encouraged. In the twentieth century, however, many younger kindergartners found this atmosphere restrictive and preferred to attend academic programs in coed teachers’ colleges and universities.

Keywords:   kindergarten, African Americans, teacher training institutes, women’s educational institutions, teacher’s colleges

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