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A Tapestry of ValuesAn Introduction to Values in Science$
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Kevin C. Elliott

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190260804

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260804.001.0001

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How Should We Study It?

How Should We Study It?

Chapter:
(p.41) Chapter 3 How Should We Study It?
Source:
A Tapestry of Values
Author(s):

Kevin C. Elliott

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260804.003.0003

This chapter highlights how explicit or implicit values can influence how research on a particular topic is pursued. First, the chapter shows how scientists can pursue different methods or strategies for agricultural research (e.g., focusing more heavily on agroecology or genetic engineering or social scientific investigations), depending on the values they aim to support. Second, it examines the value-laden assumptions involved in studying environmental pollution and highlights how citizen science and community-based participatory research can highlight implicit values and alter those assumptions. Third, it shows how the questions that are asked in medical research, especially on topics such as depression, can reflect implicit values that steer research in some directions rather than others.

Keywords:   agriculture research, agroecology, genetic engineering, depression, pollution, Woburn, community-based participatory research, citizen science, research strategies, values and science

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