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The Sage and the PeopleThe Confucian Revival in China$
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Sebastien Billioud and Joel Thoraval

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190258139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190258139.001.0001

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The Confucius Cult: Historical Retrospective

The Confucius Cult: Historical Retrospective

Chapter:
(p.175) 7 The Confucius Cult: Historical Retrospective
Source:
The Sage and the People
Author(s):

Sébastien Billioud

Joël Thoraval

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190258139.003.0008

Chapter 7 starts the third part of the book dedicated to the “teaching of rites” (lijiao). This Chinese category is used to tackle a number of issues that range from religion to politics and the intertwinement between the two. In order to provide a background for the fieldwork detailed in subsequent chapters—Confucius ceremonies taking place each year in the city of Qufu, birthplace of the sage—chapter 7 introduces both the cult of Confucius in China and the local situation in Qufu during three different historical periods: (1) the imperial period; (2) the republican and Maoist eras; (3) the thirty years of reform and opening. Thus, it is possible to better understand the context in which large state-sponsored ceremonies to honor Confucius and other tutelary figures of Chinese civilization now take place again.

Keywords:   Confucius cult, Qufu, state cults, sacrificial rites, tourism, ideology

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