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Deconstructing ErgativityTwo Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features$
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Maria Polinsky

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190256586

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.001.0001

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The other ergative

The other ergative

A true DP

Chapter:
(p.124) Chapter 7 The other ergative
Source:
Deconstructing Ergativity
Author(s):

Maria Polinsky

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.003.0007

DP-ergative languages discussed in this section possess a cluster of properties that are not found in PP-ergative languages. This list of systematic differences starts with the absence (DP-ergative) or presence (PP-ergatives) of syntactic ergativity, and many other properties fall in line to suggest that the two language types have different syntax. Their main differences include extraction with a gap, transparency to subextraction, ability to antecede anaphors, participation in raising and control structures, and ability to determine morphological agreement on verbs.

Keywords:   DP, PP, binding, agreement, subextraction, resumption, depictives, word order

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