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American ArcadiaCalifornia and the Classical Tradition$
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Peter J. Holliday

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190256517

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256517.001.0001

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Utopian Communities

Utopian Communities

Chapter:
(p.131) 5 Utopian Communities
Source:
American Arcadia
Author(s):

Peter J. Hollida

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256517.003.0005

The alienating milieu of modern industrial life in the Gilded Age compelled Americans to search for more authentic lives. Many of those longing for physical, intellectual, and spiritual regeneration came to California to pursue unconventional modes of living unthinkable in their old homes, constrained by the presence of family and associates to conform to their expectations. Some seekers found therapeutic self-fulfillment in the socially conscious teachings of liberal Protestantism, whereas others would explore more esoteric creeds, such as the Theosophical communities of Lomaland and Krotona; others simply sought community with like-minded folks through lodges and fraternal orders like Freemasons. Many of these groups made reference to classical antiquity in their rites and rituals or in the structures they built for their meetings.

Keywords:   Freemasons, Krotona, Lomaland, Spiritualism, Theosophy

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