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States in DisguiseCauses of State Support for Rebel Groups$
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Belgin San-Akca

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190250881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250881.001.0001

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States’ Selection Model

States’ Selection Model

Chapter:
(p.67) 4 States’ Selection Model
Source:
States in Disguise
Author(s):

Belgin San-Akca

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250881.003.0004

An empirical analysis is undertaken of the SSM outlined in chapter 2. A case study analysis of interactions between Israel, Palestinian militant groups, such as Fatah, Hamas, PIJ, and PFLP and external state supporters highlights the proposed hypotheses. The chapter continues with a multivariate analysis. Two sets of findings are presented with respect to motives behind state support of rebels. The findings confirm that states are more likely to support rebels when confronted with simultaneous threats and lack state allies to whom they can turn for help. Moreover, while states are more likely to support ideationally contiguous rebels, such as ethnic and religious kin, they are less likely to do so if rebels fight against ideationally contiguous states. Most strikingly, the democratic peace argument, as part of the liberal school of thought, seems to hold true when it comes to democratic states’ behavior vis-à-vis rebels targeting other democracies.

Keywords:   Fatah, PIJ, PFLPHamas, Palestinian militants, Israel, Democratic peace, Allies, Ideationally contiguous, Ethnic and religious kin

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