What philosophical framework should be used to theorize racial injustice?This chapter argues that the appropriate approach is to (a) retrieve and elaborate the concept of “white supremacy” as an alternative, more accurate global socio-political paradigm; (b) develop an analysis of a specifically racial form of exploitation; (c) uncover and follow the trail of the W. E. B. Du Bois-inspired concept of the “payoff of whiteness”; and then (d) locate normative demands for racial justice within this superior descriptive conceptual framework. This theoretical framing would better capture the workings of the actual “basic structure” and shift attention from “racism” to illicit white benefit. The chapter closes with a discussion of how white moral motivation for bringing about racial justice (not historically a reliable ally) might possibly be supplemented by group-interest-based motivation.
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