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The Papacy and the OrthodoxSources and History of a Debate$
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A. Edward Siecienski

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190245252

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245252.001.0001

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The Church of Rome in the Patristic Era

The Church of Rome in the Patristic Era

Chapter:
(p.140) 4 The Church of Rome in the Patristic Era
Source:
The Papacy and the Orthodox
Author(s):

A. Edward Siecienski

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245252.003.0005

This chapter deals with the early church’s developing view of the Bishop of Rome and how individual authors and the councils understood both the basis and limits of papal authority in light of their dealings with it. Included are the conciliar legislation granting Rome a “primacy of honor,” the institution and ordering of the patriarchal sees, as well as those general and local councils that defined the jurisdiction of bishops, metropolitans, and synods. There is also the witness of those fathers who turned to Rome in order to solve internal and local difficulties, allegedly recognizing the pope’s right to speak authoritatively outside the boundaries of his patriarchate. Then there are the writings and actions of the popes themselves, particularly Popes Leo, Gelasius, and Gregory, which spoke of the petrine ministry in terms of a unique authority granted to it, and it alone, by Christ himself.

Keywords:   Ignatius of Antioch, Irenaeus of Lyons, Cyprian of Carthage, Augustine of Hippo, Leo the Great, Gregory the Great, Council of Nicea, Council of Constantinople, Council of Chalcedon, Council of Sardica

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