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The Long DefeatCultural Trauma, Memory, and Identity in Japan$
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Akiko Hashimoto

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190239152

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239152.001.0001

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Pedagogies of War and Peace

Pedagogies of War and Peace

Teaching World War II to Children

(p.83) 4 Pedagogies of War and Peace
The Long Defeat

Akiko Hashimoto

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 illustrates how the war is taught to Japan’s children in the classroom and on school trips. It argues that despite being stereotypically branded by the Western media as attempting to whitewash the past, teaching of war, peace, and national history to Japan’s next generation actually succeeds in raising pacifists. The chapter covers a wide range of teaching material and memorial sites, including peace museums across the country, 46 social studies textbooks, and five well-known children’s history comics (manga) series. It shows that negative emotional memory, especially the fear of suffering in violent conflicts, has been used effectively to motivate peace education.

Keywords:   peace education, memorial sites, peace museums, emotional memory, intergenerational transmission, fear of war, meaning of peace, history textbooks, history comics, manga

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