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The Pakistan ParadoxInstability and Resilience$
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Christophe Jaffrelot

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190235185

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190235185.001.0001

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Jihadism, Sectarianism and Talibanism

Jihadism, Sectarianism and Talibanism

From Military/Mullah Cooperation to 9/11

(p.481) 9 Jihadism, Sectarianism and Talibanism
The Pakistan Paradox

Christophe Jaffrelot

Oxford University Press

In the 1980s, the rise of sectarianism resulted in a new form of conflict between Shias and Sunnis. At the same time, the anti Soviet jihad in Afghanistan was the crucible of new Islamist groups, which in the 1990s started to fight in Jammu and Kashmir with the support of the Pakistani army. While Pakistan helped the Taliban to take power in Afghanistan, they had to abandon them after the 11 September 2001 (9/11) attacks in the US under pressures from Washington. Musharraf had to fight some Islamist groups, but tried to spare others.

Keywords:   Afghan jihad, 9/11, sectarianism, Pakistan, Musharraf, Kashmir, Al Qaeda, Islamist, Taliban, ISI

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