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The "Russian" Civil Wars, 1916—1926Ten Years That Shook the World$
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Jonathan Smele

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190233044

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233044.001.0001

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White Thrusts, Red Ripostes

(p.105) 3 1919–20
The "Russian" Civil Wars, 1916—1926

Jonathan D. Smele

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the course and failure of the major attacks on the Soviet state that were launched by the White Armies during 1919–20, paying particular attention to those emanating from South Russia (under the aegis of General A.I. Denikin, especially the Armed Forces of South Russia) and Siberia (under the aegis of Admiral A.V. Kolchak, especially the Russian Army), but dwelling also upon White operations (and Red Army counter-attacks) in North Russia and North-West Russia. Regarding the latter, the debilitating impact upon anti-Bolshevik efforts in the Baltic region of the conflict between pro-German and Latvian and Estonian forces during 1919 (the Landeswehr War) is highlighted, as is the hugely positive influence upon Red efforts of the Soviet Commissar for Military Affairs, L.D. Trotsky.

Keywords:   A.V. Kolchak, A.I. Denikin, White Armies, Siberia, South Russia, North-West Russia, North Russia, Landeswehr War, L.D. Trotsky

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