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Realizing PeaceA Constructive Conflict Approach$
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Louis Kriesberg

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190228668

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190228668.001.0001

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Transforming Conflicts, 1969–1988

Transforming Conflicts, 1969–1988

(p.57) 3 Transforming Conflicts, 1969–1988
Realizing Peace

Louis Kriesberg

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines American engagements in several foreign conflicts as they underwent great changes in intensity during the administrations of presidents Nixon, Ford, Carter, and Reagan. Governmental and nongovernmental engagement in the changing adversarial relations with the Soviet Union are critically examined, including involvement in the Vietnam War, the era of détente, the anti-Soviet struggle in Afghanistan, the dangerous escalations in the early 1980s, and the turning points producing the transformation of the Cold War. Carter’s success in resolving the conflict regarding the status of the Panama Canal before it destructively escalated is discussed. In addition, U.S. mediation efforts in the Middle East conflicts are analyzed. The growth of the conflict resolution field is discussed (1969–1980) and the process of it becoming firmly established examined (1981–1988).

Keywords:   Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, détente, Panama Canal, conflict resolution

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