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The Roots of Hinduism – The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Asko Parpola


Hinduism has two major roots. The more familiar is the religion brought to South Asia in the second millennium BCE by speakers of Aryan or Indo-Iranian languages, a branch of the Indo-European language family. Another, more enigmatic, root is the Indus civilization of the third millennium BCE, which left behind thousands of short inscriptions in a forgotten pictographic script, difficult to decipher in the absence of bilinguals. The author of this book spent fifty years researching these roots. This book traces the Aryan migrations from their original homeland north of the Black Sea through th ... More

Keywords: Hinduism, Aryan, Indo-Iranian, Indus civilization, chariot, Veda, Dravidian, Tantra, Goddess, sacred marriage

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780190226909
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Asko Parpola, author
Professor Emeritus of Indology/South Asian Studies, University of Helsinki