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Ursula Renz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190226411

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226411.001.0001

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Self-Knowledge in Hermeneutic Philosophy

Self-Knowledge in Hermeneutic Philosophy

Chapter:
(p.264) Chapter fourteen Self-Knowledge in Hermeneutic Philosophy
Source:
Self-Knowledge
Author(s):

Charles Guignon

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226411.003.0018

Recent hermeneutic philosophy aims at finding a way of thinking about human existence that downplays traditional assumptions about the importance of the mental in giving an account of human existence. This antimentalistic aim is evident in attempts to characterize self-knowledge, where mentalist vocabulary is bypassed and the “self” is sought in what we do in our everyday dealings with others in a shared world. On the hermeneutic view, I find myself first and foremost in the responses of others in the public “we”-world. Giving priority to agency and social interactions has the consequence that the fullest form of self-knowledge (called “authenticity”) is achieved not by accessing an individual cut off from the “crowd,” but by being more deeply engaged in an ongoing “tradition” and public dialogue. As authentic being-in-the-world, we gain insight into what being human really is in our historical culture.

Keywords:   self-knowledge, agency, hermeneutic philosophy, being-in-the-world, authenticity Dilthey, Heidegger

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