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Foreign Policy BreakthroughsCases in Successful Diplomacy$
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Robert Hutchings and Jeremi Suri

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190226114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226114.001.0001

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Humanitarian Diplomacy after World War II

Humanitarian Diplomacy after World War II

The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

(p.21) 2 Humanitarian Diplomacy after World War II
Foreign Policy Breakthroughs

Stephen R. Porter

Oxford University Press

The close of the Second World War sparked a burst of international institution building on a scale not seen before or since. Beyond such better known entities as the UN, World Bank, and Nuremberg tribunals was a behemoth intergovernmental organization designed to provide humanitarian relief to many millions of the war’s survivors across vast, battered terrain: the Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). Conceived primarily through the overlapping interests of the United States, the USSR, and Great Britain, UNRRA experienced a challenging birth as tensions between the Great Powers increasingly threatened to overtake the needs of military alliance and smaller prospective member states demanded a meaningful presence in the endeavor. This chapter explores the often tortured but ultimately successful diplomatic process that produced the most expansive humanitarian aid organization in history, one built on the precarious border of World War II and the Cold War.

Keywords:   great-power alliance, Cold War, humanitarianism, stability, benign delay, two-level game, public-private governance

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