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Young Generation AwakeningEconomics, Society, and Policy on the Eve of the Arab Spring$
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Edward A. Sayre and Tarik M. Yousef

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190224615

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190224615.001.0001

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Demographic Transitions across the Middle East and North Africa

Demographic Transitions across the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter:
(p.16) 1 Demographic Transitions across the Middle East and North Africa
Source:
Young Generation Awakening
Author(s):

David Beck

Paul Dyer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190224615.003.0002

The significant youth population of the Middle East and North Africa region represents a contemporary manifestation of the region’s historic demographic transition. Unfolding in the decades since World War II, this transition, characterized by unevenly falling mortality and fertility rates and rapid population growth, supported the formation of a regional youth bulge. With the growth of the youth bulge, pressures built in the region’s schools and labor markets. Entering adulthood in this context, many youth have faced daunting challenges to their full participation in society due to delays in employment, marriage, and family formation. Moreover, the story of this transition and the experiences of youth in it are an important contribution to our understanding of the factors that led to the uprisings of 2011.

Keywords:   demographic transition, youth bulge, population growth, fertility, mortality, Middle East and North Africa

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