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The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath$
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Peter Cole and Brian McQuinn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210960.001.0001

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The Fall of Tripoli

The Fall of Tripoli

Part 2

(p.81) 4 The Fall of Tripoli
The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath

Peter Cole

Umar Khan

Oxford University Press

This chapter, and the preceding one, examines the planning and execution of the fall of Tripoli and toppling of the Qadhafi regime from February to September 2011. Topics covered include the inception and development of rebel financing and weapons networks and relations with state actors including NATO, Qatar, UAE, Sudan, France, the UK and USA. It focuses on conflicts between Islamist and non-Islamist networks, arguing that differing considerations of trust, intelligence and state support led to the creation of two distinct and competing plans by summer 2011. The chapter traces the divergence of political goals within the NATO-led coalition, and consequent military and political support given to rival factions within the context of the NATO no-fly zone. It traces the reasons behind the growth of militias, the formation of the Tripoli Military Council, and the failure to control militia proliferation during and after the fall of Tripoli. It also examines why mediation efforts and the post-conflict stabilization planning in the country failed, through discussion of key decisions taken during the implementation of stabilization plans, including: the reactivation of ministries; the decision to pay militias; water, food and fuel relief; and the formation of a Supreme Security Committee.

Keywords:   Libya, Arab Spring, international relations, revolution, networks, Qatar, Islamism, stabilization, war, NATO

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