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The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath$
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Peter Cole and Brian McQuinn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210960.001.0001

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The Corridor of Uncertainty1

The Corridor of Uncertainty1

The National Transitional Council’s Battle for Legitimacy and Recognition

(p.31) 2 The Corridor of Uncertainty1
The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath

Peter Bartu

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the National Transitional Council’s transformation from its inception in February 2011 until the fall of Tripoli. It describes its transformation from a committee to a political entity and how it struggled to finance the revolution and win international recognition. It focuses on the issue of its legitimacy, arguing that the NTC met a critical “threshold of legitimacy” for the Libyan revolutionary moment. It did this by expanding its national representation through local councils, securing international recognition and financial support and deliberating a transparent path for a return to constitutional government. It argues that its success came in part through acknowledging prevalent autonomies of other regions and cities, and part of its legacy was its ability to generate consensus around the political steps toward a return to constitutional government and its own dissolution. It discusses international efforts to provide the NTC with sufficient liquidity and resources, the assassination of the NTC’s “commander-in-chief”, Abd al-Fattah Yunis, which led to the firing of the NTC’s executive board, and looks at how the NTC argued and negotiated internally over the 3 August 2011 Constitutional Declaration, the political framework by which Libya intended to restore constitutional government.

Keywords:   Libya, National Transitional Council, statebuilding, legitimacy, Arab Spring, oil, energy, revolution, international intervention, constitution

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