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The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath$
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Peter Cole and Brian McQuinn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210960.001.0001

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Tuareg Militancy and the Sahelian Shockwaves of the Libyan Revolution

Tuareg Militancy and the Sahelian Shockwaves of the Libyan Revolution

(p.321) 14 Tuareg Militancy and the Sahelian Shockwaves of the Libyan Revolution
The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath

Yvan Guichaoua

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the trajectory of the Tuareg in Libya, Niger and Mali before and after Libya’s “17 February Revolution”. It describes the long-lasting interconnectedness of the Tuareg Saharan political economy, perpetuated by long-distance travellers exchanging a wide range of licit and illicit commodities, building networks, accumulating social and financial capital, and, more recently, exploiting the economic and political opportunities afforded by Qadhafi in Libya. It details the interference of Qadhafi’s regime with Niger and Mali’s management of domestic Tuareg insurgencies, tracing Nigeran and Malian Tuareg fighters’ diverging paths from the origins of their relationship with Qadhafi, to their nuanced support of Qadhafi’s resistance of the revolution, through to the dynamics that led to collapse of the Malian state, and the Tuareg’s support of the flight of Libyan loyalists into Niger. This analysis is embedded in the context of the Sahara’s political economy, discussing how this economy drew Libyan state and non-state actors into a codependent economic relationship that was increasingly strained by demographic trends, religious extremism and Qadhafi’s sponsorship of Tuareg armed groups and rebellions.

Keywords:   Libya, Tuareg, Mali, Niger, insurgency, unemployment, Islamism, Sahel, migration, economy

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