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Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks$
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Stela Manova

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210434

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210434.001.0001

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Modern Greek Parasynthetic Verbs: A Hierarchical Relationship Between Prefixes and Suffixes?

Modern Greek Parasynthetic Verbs: A Hierarchical Relationship Between Prefixes and Suffixes?

Chapter:
(p.82) 4 Modern Greek Parasynthetic Verbs: A Hierarchical Relationship Between Prefixes and Suffixes?
Source:
Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks
Author(s):

Angeliki Efthymiou

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210434.003.0004

This chapter deals with parasynthetic verbs in Modern Greek whose structure contains both prefixes and suffixes, such as apo-cefal-iz-o ‘to decapitate’ (DPREF-BASE-DSUFF-ISUFF). After a brief overview of the relevant literature it is shown that the linear ordering of the prefixes and suffixes reflects the information content of each affix and its contribution to the morphological structure of the parasynthetic verb. More specifically, it is suggested that prefixes in parasynthetic verbs behave like internal prefixes (Di Sciullo 1997) and determine the core semantics of the verb and that affixation is influenced by various factors, such as register and frequency. Finally, the structure of the Modern Greek parasynthetic verbs (MGPVs) is explained in terms of optimal shape, constructional iconicity, transparency, and biuniqueness. The findings of this study are exemplified by reference to 308 parasynthetic verbs, collected from the Reverse Dictionary of Modern Greek (2002).

Keywords:   affix ordering, hierarchy, constructional iconicity, information content, internal prefix, Greek, parasynthesis, transparency

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