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Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks$
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Stela Manova

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210434

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210434.001.0001

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Scope Versus Ordering of Operations: Causativization and Ordering of Valency-Changing Operations in Adyghe

Scope Versus Ordering of Operations: Causativization and Ordering of Valency-Changing Operations in Adyghe

Chapter:
(p.53) 3 Scope Versus Ordering of Operations: Causativization and Ordering of Valency-Changing Operations in Adyghe
Source:
Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks
Author(s):

Alexander Letuchiy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210434.003.0003

This chapter focuses on the ordering of valency-changing operations in Adyghe, a polysynthetic language of the North-West Caucasian family. While the suffixal part of the verb follows the principles of layered morphology, the prefixal part is mainly organized on the principles of templatic morphology and the linear order of prefixes does not reflect either their semantic scope or the ordering of operations they mark. In many cases, this gives rise to ambiguity in particular verb forms. However, the analysis of the combinations of the causative marker (a prefix that immediately precedes the verb root) with other valency-changing markers (prefixes placed farther from the root) reveals a general tendency for the causative operation to take place after all other valency-changing operations. The conclusions provide an explanation of this tendency.

Keywords:   causative, Adyghe, Caucasian languages, polysynthesis, layered morphology, templatic morphology, ordering of operations, reflexive, reciprocal, benefactive

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