This chapter offers Producer-centred-research (PCR) as a unique diagnostic tool to demystify Indian diplomacy for foreign diplomats and analysts, be they Liberal, Marxist, Realist or postmodern. These latter fail to understand Indian diplomacy because their Eurocentric hermeneutics warp, entrap or simply ignore non-Western practices. In contrast, PCR casts non-Western practices in practitioner’s terms the better to understand them. In making the subject’s practices authoritative their rationale for action is revealed. PCR’s deployment is contingent on examining Western analysis to identify how its failure to properly comprehend Indian diplomatic practice, thereby inadvertently introducing an alterity that is frequently thought not exist in the modern world. In order to rationalise its existence today Indian diplomatic interactions are contextualised within earlier forms of modernity, the Mughals and the British East India Company. Furthermore, Indian diplomacy’s alterity and subaltern ways, that is, to use Gayatri Spivak’s definition, incomprehensibility to other nation-states, is established in a terrain coterminous with the state — nuclear diplomacy. This introduction concludes that the non-Western rationale of Indian diplomacy and its success offers scintillating possibilities and necessitates a reconceptualization of the very notion of India.
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