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Europe as EmpireThe Nature of the Enlarged European Union$
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Jan Zielonka

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199292219

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199292213.001.0001

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Diversity and Adaptation

Diversity and Adaptation

Chapter:
(p.65) 3 Diversity and Adaptation
Source:
Europe as Empire
Author(s):

Jan Zielonka (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199292213.003.0004

This chapter assesses the process of mutual adaptation between the two parts of Europe. It tries to rethink the role and meaning of divergence in the process of European integration, and searches for the best way to handle it. It argues that it would be difficult for the Union to acquire the basic features of a Westphalian state due to persistent divergence across various functional and geographical fields. However, the dividing lines do not necessarily run across the former East-West divide. Moreover, if one abandons the Westphalian paradigm, divergence may be seen as an asset rather than only as a liability for the future EU. Looser and less integrated systems can cope well with diversity, and even profit from it. Besides, divergence is subject to political engineering with enlargement being a powerful tool for remedying the existing gaps in Europe.

Keywords:   Eastern Europe, Western Europe, European integration, diversity

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