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Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA$
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Bernhard Ebbinghaus

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286119

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199286116.001.0001

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Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

(p.250) Chapter 8 Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?
Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Bernhard Ebbinghaus (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This concluding chapter summarizes the main findings of the book, evaluating the protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ‘push’ approaches to explain the long-term development and cross-national variations in early exit from work. It discusses the difficulties of ‘path dependence’ as well as the opportunities of institutional change to reverse early retirement policies. It recommends a paradigm shift away from early retirement in combination with integration policies that facilitate older workers to remain active.

Keywords:   early retirement, welfare state reform, paradigm shift, path dependence, institutional change, policy reversal, integration policies

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