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Christian Philosophical Theology$
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Stephen T. Davis

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199284597

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199284598.001.0001

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Jesus Christ: Saviour or Guru?

Jesus Christ: Saviour or Guru?

Chapter:
(p.96) 6 Jesus Christ: Saviour or Guru?
Source:
Christian Philosophical Theology
Author(s):

Stephen T. Davis (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199284598.003.0007

In this age of theological pluralism, even within Christianity, is there good reason to affirm the incarnation of Christ as expressed in the Creed of Chalcedon? To affirm as much is to commit oneself to what is called a maximal christology, as opposed to the many minimal christologies available today. It is argued that the New Testament picture of Jesus is unified and consistent. The purpose of the incarnation is to show what God is like, to make it possible for human beings to know God, and to defeat God’s enemies. To accomplish as much, Jesus had to be truly human and truly divine. Four indications that Christ was divine are considered: his willingness to forgive sins, his reference to God as Abba, his willingness to speak “with authority”, and his implicit claims to be divine.

Keywords:   Christology, incarnation, Chalcedon

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