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Applied Welfare Economics$
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Chris Jones

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199281978

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199281971.001.0001

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Time and the Social Discount Rate

Time and the Social Discount Rate

(p.187) 8 Time and the Social Discount Rate
Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Many policies impact on inter-temporal consumption choices, with taxes on capital income being the most obvious example. This chapter examines the welfare effects of linear and non-linear personal income taxes, as well as taxes on corporate income, in a two-period setting. The shadow discount rate obtained by Harberger (1969) and Sandmo and Dre_ze (1971) is personalized in the presence of non-linear income taxes, while the corporate tax is included using the Miller (1977) equilibrium, in which consumers specialize in holding debt or equity, solely on the basis of their tax preferences. A risk premium is included in the social discount rate using the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), and arguments by Arrow and Lind (1970) for using a lower risk premium for public sector projects are also examined.

Keywords:   Arrow–Lind Theorem, corporate tax, income taxation, progressive marginal tax rates, risk premium, social discount rate

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