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Living Standards in the PastNew Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe$

Robert C. Allen, Tommy Bengtsson, and Martin Dribe

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199280681

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199280681.001.0001

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(p.xv) List of Figures

(p.xv) List of Figures

Source:
Living Standards in the Past
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

  1. 1 Transformation of income to utility through goods, material characteristics, capabilities, and functionings 7

  2. 1.1 Supply and demand for hogs (reproduced from Perkins 1969: 72) 29

  3. 3.1 Labourers' real wages: the Kinai, 1727–1867 (1802−4=100) 81

  4. 3.2 Wage differentials: the Kinai, 1732–1865 (1802−4=100) 81

  5. 3.3 Two series of craftsmen's real wages: the Kanto, 1818–94 (1840−4=100) 83

  6. 5.1 Real wages in Europe, 1500–1750 (silver wages deflated by CPI) 114

  7. 5.2 Masons' real wage, 1727–1913, England, Japan, and Italy 116

  8. 5.3 Building labourers' real wage, 1727–1913, England, Japan, and Italy 117

  9. 5.4 Farm labourers' real wage, 1727–1913, England, Japan, and Italy 117

  10. 5.5 Labourers' real wage, 1727–1913, England and Japan 118

  11. 6.1 Life expectancy at birth, 1500–1850 137

  12. 6.2 Selected prices relative to the price of bread or grain, 1500–1900: (a) Panel A. England; (b) Panel B. Paris; (c) Panel C. Holland 148

  13. 6.3 Movements in the cost of living in top income groups, relative to the cost of living in the bottom 40% or in workers' households: (a) Panel A. England, 1500–1900; (b) Panel B. France, 1500–1900; (c) Panel C. Holland, 1540–1799 162

  14. 7.1 The price of 1,000 kcal in guilders (1763–1800) 182

  15. 7.2 The CPI for the western part of the Netherlands, 1450–1800 (1450/74=100; polynomial trend added) 183

  16. 7.3 Real wages in the western part of the Netherlands, 1450–1800 (1450/74=100; polynomial trend added) 184

  17. 9.1 Life expectancy and adult male height, late industrial period 232

  18. 9.2 Per cent urban and average male height 233

  19. 9.3 Average height of soldiers in Britain and of native born American soldiers 234

  20. 9.4 Average height of soldiers in Australia and Württemberg 235

  21. 9.5 Median height of conscripts in the Netherlands and France 237

  22. 9.6 Average height of conscripts in Sweden and Japan 238

  23. 10.1 Height of Russian recruits by birth year, 1700–99 260

  24. (p.xvi)
  25. 11.1 Five-year lag sum elasticities of mortality for civil and military Croatian parishes, and Hungarian military heights centred on decade of birth 282

  26. 11.2 Historical maternal mortality rates 286

  27. 11.3 Risk per day of maternal death, by category 287

  28. 11.4 Maternal mortality by age and parity, Slavonian data 290

  29. 11.5 Gross maternal, background, and net maternal risk and probability of dying in childbirth, by year, five-year moving averages for all parities 292

  30. 11.6 Net maternal mortality at parities 1 and>1, five-year moving averages 293

  31. 11.7 Net maternal mortality and infant mortality, five-year moving averages 293

  32. 12.1 Price indices 1700–1800 310

  33. 12.2 Number of deaths in Denmark 1700–1814 313

  34. 13.1 Taxable land rent for hectare, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1834) 320

  35. 13.2 Percentages of mixed crop cultivation, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1834) 321

  36. 13.3 Population density in km2, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1823–54) 322

  37. 13.4 Adult deaths (d 20–60). DLM, significance level—lag 0 332

  38. 13.5 Adult deaths (d 20–60). DLM significance level—lag 2 333

  39. 13.6 Child mortality rates (q 1–4). DLM, significance level—lag 2 334

  40. 14.1 Real wages (day-wage/rye price) in Malmöhus County and Sweden, 1766–1895 344

  41. 14.2 Life expectancy at birth (e0) in Sweden, 1766/70–1891/95 346

  42. 14.3 (a) Age-specific death rates for male children (1–14 years) in Sweden, 1766/70–1891/95; (b) Age-specific death rates for female children (1–14 years) in Sweden, 1766/70–1891/95 347

  43. 14.4 Natural log local rye prices (actual values and HP-trend), 1766/70–1891/95 356

  44. 15.1 Prices and trends in Sart, 1811–1910 387

  45. 15.2 Prices and trends in Land of Herve, 1846–1910 389

  46. 16.1 Estimated population size, 11 Liaoning state farm systems 408

  47. 16.2 Annual average of low sorghum prices 411

  48. 16.3 Cohort total marital fertility rate (16–50 sui) based on male births 414

  49. 16.4 Percentage of men married at different ages in Liaoning 416

  50. 16.5 Probability that a male aged 1 sui will die before reaching age 16 sui in Liaoning 419

  51. 16.6 Male and female period life expectancy at age 16 sui in Liaoning 419

  52. (p.xvii)
  53. 17.1 Population size of the villages of Shimomoriya and Niita, 1716–1870 431

  54. 17.2 Raw rice prices (ryo per koku) in the market of Aizu, 1716–1863 434