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The International Struggle Over IraqPolitics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005$
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David M. Malone

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199278572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199278571.001.0001

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New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait

New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait

Chapter:
(p.54) 3 New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait
Source:
The International Struggle Over Iraq
Author(s):

David M. Malone (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199278571.003.0003

This chapter discusses the second phase of UN involvement in Iraq, which seemed to herald the emergence of the Security Council as a New World Order Policeman. The Security Council’s capacity to legitimize the use of force provided a legal basis for international action to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991. The chapter recounts the diplomatic and military success of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm — mandated to compel the withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait and conducted by a coalition of states — drawing legitimacy from Security Council decisions under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Chapter VII also provided a newly assertive basis for traditional activities, such as ceasefire implementation and border-monitoring tasks, the Council gave to a new mission, UNIKOM, deployed along the border between Iraq and Kuwait. This new police role for UN peace operations was part of a larger ‘New World Order’ heralded by President George H. W. Bush, which seemed to hold the promise of an international rule of law, enforced by a united P-5 operating through the Security Council.

Keywords:   UN Security Council, United Nations, New World Order Policeman, Kuwait, UNIKOM, George H. W. Bush, P-5

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