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New Sources of Development Finance$

A. B. Atkinson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199278558

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199278555.001.0001

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(p.xiv) List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

(p.xiv) List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

New Sources of Development Finance
Oxford University Press

  • BIS

    Bank for International Settlements

  • CMI

    Crisis Management Initiative (NGO, Finland)

  • CLS

    Continuous Linked Settlement Bank

  • CTT

    currency transaction tax

  • DAC

    OECD's Development Assistance Committee

  • DFID

    Department for International Development

  • EMS

    European Monetary System

  • ENRD

    exchange-rate normalization duty

  • ERM

    exchange rate mechanism

  • FAO

    Food and Agriculture Organization

  • FXE

    foreign currency exchange

  • GNI

    gross national income

  • HIPC

    heavily indebted poor country

  • HTAs

    home town associations

  • IBRD

    International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

  • ICT

    information and communications technology

  • IATA

    International Air Transport Association

  • IDA

    International Development Association

  • IFF

    International Finance Facility

  • ILO

    International Labour Office

  • IMF

    International Monetary Fund

  • LDCs

    least developed countries

  • MCA

    Millennium Challenge Account

  • MDGs

    Millennium Development Goals

  • MTOs

    money transfer operators


    New Partnership for African Development

  • NGOs

    non-governmental organizations

  • NFB

    net fiscal benefit

  • NPV

    net present value

  • ODA

    official development assistance

  • OECD

    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

  • PVP

    payment versus payment settlement

  • RTGS

    real time gross settlement systems

  • SDRs

    Special Drawing Rights

  • STT

    security transaction tax

  • UNDP

    United Nations Development Programme


    United Nations Population Fund

  • (p.xv) UNICEF

    United Nations Children's Fund


    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

  • WLA

    World Lottery Association

  • WFP

    World Food Programme

  • WHO

    World Health Organization